Logical and factual errors

Deductive reasoning is such that, if the premises are true, the conclusion must be true. That means that your family is weird, too. As with other fallacies, the assertions made on unstated premises may be true, but the argument can be fallacious nonetheless.

Erich von Däniken

For example, the appeal to emotion fallacy is a general category of fallacies, and there are many in that category such as appeal to anger, appeal to pity, appeal to fear, and many more. Technically, this is not a true logical fallacy, in that it is not an error in reasoning, per se, but in explanation.

In anthropologyit refers primarily to cultural beliefs that ritual, prayer, sacrifice, and taboos will produce specific supernatural consequences. Many people are susceptible to this type of fallacy because they want to fit in. Red Herring - Introducing a topic not related to the subject at hand.

False dilemma false dichotomy, fallacy of bifurcation, black-or-white fallacy — two alternative statements are held to be the only possible options when in reality there are more.

See also irrelevant conclusion. Appeal to consequences argumentum ad consequentiam — the conclusion is supported by a premise that asserts positive or negative consequences from some course of action in an attempt to distract from the initial discussion. This is a great way to settle a dispute.

Its primary basis is the confusion of association with causation. Explaining thought as something produced by a little thinker, a sort of homunculus inside the head, merely explains it as another kind of thinking as different but the same.

Intentionality fallacy — the insistence that the ultimate meaning of an expression must be consistent with the intention of the person from whom the communication originated e.

There are two major types of logical reasoning: False Dichotomy Also known as a false dillemma, a false dichotomy is when two mutually exclusive options are set up as the only two options.

List of fallacies

A conclusion is a claim being made, and the premises are the support for that conclusion. Logical Fallacies Can Be Committed by the Arguer or Audience In this book, I will be using the term "fallacious" in the following ways, all of which support the primary purpose of this book—to promote better reasoning.

Genetic Fallacy This occurs when there is a percieved defect in the originator of the claim, which means that the claim itself must be false.

Logical Fallacy

It must be deceptive in that it often fools the average adult. Jul 03,  · In this Wireless Philosophy video, Paul Henne (Duke University) describes the distinction between formal and informal fallacies.

This distinction is useful f. Logical fallacies can comprise fallacious arguments that contain one or more non-factual errors in their form or deceptive arguments that often lead to fallacious reasoning in their evaluation. Registered User Comments.

Logical and factual errors in Judge Leon’s injunction against the FDA’s graphic warning labels There is a clear double standard in the way that the courts are considering “public health” justifications when identifying the limits of the First Amendment.

A look at various kinds of logical fallacies, along with examples, and how to identify them. Logical Errors Logical Fallacies Faulty Premises Factual Errors Weak "Facts" The fallacy of weak facts is more or less a variation on the fallacy of incorrect facts.

Logical and factual errors That writing as careless as von Däniken's, whose principal thesis is that our ancestors were dummies, should be so popular is a sober commentary on the credulousness and despair of our times.

Logical and factual errors
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The Fallacy Files: Logical Fallacy