History religion and life of the aztec

Tlazolteotl was concerned with sexual powers and passions and the pardoning of sexual transgressions. In this way, the political standing and economy of Tenochtitlan gradually grew.

In roughly[2] they first settled on Chapultepec, a hill on the west shore of Lake Texcoco, the site of numerous springs. The Mexica became highly skilled as soldiers and diplomats in their dealing with neighbors.

Ancient Aztec Religion Ancient Aztec religion hymn: The female aspect merged with earth fertility goddesses and especially corn goddesses. As the principal political force during the Spanish conquest, the Aztec were extensively studied at this time.

These customs required cleaning daily nonstop as a ritual. According to Aztec religious beliefs, the ongoing sacrifice of humans was what appeased the gods and sustained the universe, thus it was considered the highest level of offering to gods.

Even after the confederation of the Triple Alliance was formed in and began its expansion through conquest, the altepetl remained the dominant form of organization at the local level. Only the city of Chalco refused to provide laborers, and hostilities between Chalco and Tenochtitlan would persist until the s.

The basic unit of Aztec society was the calpulli, which was the Aztec equivalent of a clan, or group of families who claimed descent from a common ancestor. These raised beds were separated by narrow canals, which allowed farmers to move between them by canoe.

Here they reenact the prepara tion of a sacrifice, a recognition of the inextricable interdependence of life and death to the Aztec.


Axayacatl was soundly defeated in a battle at Tlaximaloyan today Tajimaroalosing most of his 32, men and only barely escaping back to Tenochtitlan with the remnants of his army. Human sacrifice was an integral part of the Aztec religion—as it was for many other societies in the New World, including the Maya.

During this period the Nahuan cities immediately on the lakeside, such as XochimilcoCulhuacan and Mixquic were also subdued. Concepts of the Ancient Nahuas. Ometeotl was more "being" than "action. The most powerful were Culhuacan on the south shore of Lake Texcoco and Azcapotzalco on the west shore.

It is said that the Aztec god, Huitzilopochtli, instructed the Aztecs to found their city at the location where they saw an eagle, on a cactus, with a snake in its talons which is on the current Mexican flag.

By the end, they had become the Aztecs, rulers of a socially stratified and expansionistic empire.

History of the Aztecs

A new fire was started in the cavity of the victim's chest, symbolizing the rebirth of Xiuhtecuhtli. Women could however also work outside of the home as small-scale merchants, doctors, priests and midwives. In preparation for this journey, the corpse was dressed in paper vestments, wrapped and tied in a cloth bundle, and then cremated, along with a dog to serve as a guide through the underworld.

The heavens were divided into 13 ascending layers, and the underworld 9 descending layers. His successful coronation campaign suppressed rebellions in the Toluca valley and conquered Jilotepec and several communities in the northern Valley of Mexico.

In some cases, the entire community was involved in bloodletting. He also instituted a strict sumptuary code limiting the types of luxury goods that could be consumed by commoners.

However, the Mexica brought human sacrifice to levels that had never been practiced before.

Aztec sacrifice

The Mexica Indians and their neighbors had developed a belief that it was necessary to constantly appease the gods through human sacrifice. This Aztec empire history may surprise you. Scholars and archaeologists have theorized that the four-quartered city was a massive spatial symbol for the major cosmological conceptions of Aztec religion.

After he was knocked from his exalted position by rivals, the first creator, Tezcatlipoca, turned into a jaguar and destroyed the world. The Aztec religious tradition combined and transformed a number of ritual, mythic, and cosmic elements from the heterogeneous cultural groups who inhabited the central plateau of Mesoamerica.

But it may surprise you to know that there is a great deal of disagreement over what kind of an "empire" it really was. The Mexica supplied the Tepaneca with warriors for their successful conquest campaigns in the region and received part of the tribute from the conquered city states.

History >> Aztec, Maya, and Inca for Kids Life for the typical person living in the Aztec Empire was hard work. As in many ancient societies the rich were able to live luxurious lives, but the common people had to work very hard.

The Aztec religion is the Mesoamerican religion of the Aztecs. Like other Mesoamerican religions, it had elements of human sacrifice in connection with a large number of religious festivals which were held according to patterns of the Aztec calendar. A detailed Aztec timeline, including the Aztec empire's emperors, important battles, and other events of significance during the time of the Aztec civilization Ancient Aztec Religion Discover the basic beliefs of the ancient Aztec religion, and how the Mexica people might have thought about the world and the gods.

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Aztec beliefs

This Tlacaelel became the power behind the throne and reformed both the Aztec state and the Aztec religion. Smith, Michael E, "Life in the Provinces of the Aztec Empire", Scientific American.

Soustelle, J. Codex illustration of an Aztec temple Human and animal sacrifice was a religious ritual for both the Aztecs and the Incas. Priests performed sacrificial ceremonies in temples or on mountaintops, during festivals or in times of trouble.

A group of men in front of the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico perform an Aztec dance during the feast of the Virgin of Guadalupe on December 12, the most important religious holiday in Mexico.

Here they reenact the prepara tion of a sacrifice, a recognition of the inextricable interdependence of life and death to the Aztec.

History religion and life of the aztec
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Aztec Empire for Kids: Religion, Gods, and Mythology