Scientific evidence shows that the physical and behavioral traits shared by all people originated from apelike ancestors and evolved over a period of approximately six million years. They conducted experiments on gravity that would not be duplicated again until the time of Galileo and Newton.
What of the senses, the reflection, the memory, the mind, the natural capacity: Differences in shape, arrangement, and position of atoms produce different things.
No, that at any rate is absurd. Teleology is based on the proposition that the universe has design and purpose. And one of our own wise men says somewhere: It was precisely this belief in the unity of the human and animal world that that was seen as "pagan" and primitive by later Christians of the Roman Empire and post-imperial Romanized societies.
But it will be asked for whose sake so vast a work was carried out. And to you I am become an adviser, inasmuch as I am a disciple of the benevolent Logos, and hence humane, in order that you may hasten and by us may be taught who the true God is, and what is His well-ordered creation.
Stoicism was a Greek school of philosophy that, while ostensibly non-religious and anti-superstitious, viewed the universe as being intelligently designed by a rational creator, who continued to govern the universe through his divine providence.
In this sense it was less completely materialistic than the ideas of radicals like Grant, but its implication that humans were only the last step in the ascent of animal life incensed many conservative thinkers.
Darwin was not, however, the first person to propose an evolutionary explanation for the diversity of life on earth. The R Evolution of Theory The theory of evolution is one of the great intellectual revolutions of human history, drastically changing our perception of the world and of our place in it.
By gradual advance in this direction we come to see clearly that in plants too that is produced which is conducive to the end-leaves, e. If, therefore, artificial products are for the sake of an end, so clearly also are natural products. In the Hebrew myth man is also given dominion over the plant and animal kingdoms.
And having persuaded himself of this, he undertook also to defend it, and thus he entangled himself in inextricable errors. And in the ages after monsters died, Perforce there perished many a stock, unable By propagation to forge a progeny.
It is thus credibly established that the universe and everything that is in it were made for the sake of gods and men. Parents pass adaptive genetic changes to their offspring, and ultimately these changes become common throughout a population.
The central concept of natural selection is the evolutionary fitness of an organism. We do, however, still possess its remnant in pseudogene form. We see this argument in The Nature because the ancient Greeks had already developed a "theory of evolution by natural selection" over 2, years ago.
These, he [Xenophanes] says, were produced when everything was long ago covered with mud and the impressions were dried in the mud. A limit was wanting to each on either side.
Human evolution took place as new genetic variations in early ancestor populations favored new abilities to adapt to environmental change and so altered the human way of life. If then, it is agreed that things are either the result of coincidence or for an end, and these cannot be the result of coincidence or spontaneity, it follows that they must be for an end; and that such things are all due to nature even the champions of the theory which is before us would agree.
Horizontal gene transfer is the transfer of genetic material from one organism to another organism that is not its offspring; this is most common among bacteria. In twentieth century, the development of the the science of genetics helped explain the origin of the variation of the traits between individual organisms and the way in which they are passed from generation to generation.
Some thought that all things could be known: If then it is both by nature and for an end that the swallow makes its nest and the spider its web, and plants grow leaves for the sake of the fruit and send their roots down not up for the sake of nourishment, it is plain that this kind of cause is operative in things which come to be and are by nature.
From a neo-Darwinian perspective, evolution occurs when there are changes in the frequencies of alleles within a population of interbreeding organisms,  for example, the allele for black colour in a population of moths becoming more common.
Evolution is the process by which all living thingshave developed from primitive organisms through changes occurring overbillions of years, a process that includes all animals and plants.
Exactly howevolution occurs is still a matter. Mechanisms: the processes of evolution. Evolution is the process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient ancestors.
Evolution is responsible for both the remarkable similarities we see across all life and the amazing diversity of that life — but exactly how does it work?
To connect this lesson with social studies and world history, have students draw the history of evolution timeline as shown on the PBS Evolution website on a smaller scale ( sheets of paper).
On the bottom half of the timeline, have students label the 31 events from the "Rise of Evolution" segment. Understanding Evolution: History, Theory, Evidence, and Implications. By This description of the process of evolution and natural selection put forward by Aristotle is perhaps the most lucid explanation of evolution to be found in the existing literature of the ancient Greeks.
that the species concept was useful in describing.
An overview of the evolution of life as a major characteristic of Earth’s history is given in community ecology: Evolution of the biosphere. A detailed discussion of the life and thought of Charles Darwin is found in the article Darwin, Charles.
A process of development and change from one state to another, as of the universe in its development through time. Show More A Closer Look: Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection assumed that tiny adaptations occur in organisms constantly over millions of years.Describing the process of evolution and its history