An analysis of the philosophies of nietzsche and hobbes on christianity human nature and morality

Walter Kaufmann put forward the view that the powerful individualism expressed in his writings would be disastrous if introduced to the public realm of politics. Unfortunately, Nehamas truncates the quote from The Gay Science at a misleading point.

What have you done to overcome him. Thus, what unifies Nietzsche's seemingly disparate critical remarks — about altruism, happiness, pity, equality, Kantian respect for persons, utilitarianism, etc. So it was with Goethe: The aim is lacking; 'Why. Finally, Maudemarie Clark has argued that Nietzsche could not have accepted the very strongest form of the doctrine of the will to power — namely, that all force, animate and inanimate, is will to power — given the putative argument he gives for it.

Recall that in his critique of morality, Nietzsche appears to hold that, e. More on this issue in Section 4, below. Religious Justifications of Human Rights. He is interested, rather, in measuring the value of what is taken as true, if such a thing can be measured.

During this time Nietzsche was admitted into the prestigious Gymnasium Schulpforta; he composed music, wrote poetry and plays, and in produced an autobiography at the age of There is no single truth but rather many.

In Ecce HomoNietzsche criticized the "German nation" and its "will to power to Empire, to Reich ", thus underscoring an easy misinterpretation of the Wille zur Macht, the conception of Germans as a "race", and the "anti-Semitic way of writing history", or of making "history conform to the German Empire", and stigmatized "nationalism, this national neurosis from which Europe is sick", this "small politics".

March This section possibly contains original research.

Nietzsche's Moral and Political Philosophy

But for a Calliclean like Nietzsche, it is part of the very appeal of morality that it does thwart the flourishing of higher men. Nietzsche, however, describes at great length and in many places e. First and foremost, like Spinoza before him, Nietzsche is a naturalist and a determinist.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Within nature, one might say, energy disperses and accumulates in various force-points: We do find patterns of reaction to exceptional men that would allow us to see here a valuing rather similar to valuing on aesthetic grounds….

For the most part we are not rational doers: But, Nietzsche insisted, in an intellectual climate that demands honesty in the search for truth and proof as a condition for belief, the absence of foundations has already been laid bare.

Since the N-Realist Nietzschean conclusion is that only power is valuable, power must be the only thing that is, in fact, desired assuming, again, that something is valuable, i. Nietzsche also believes in human excellence, and would agree with Aristotle that there is a biological component to it and surely though he would deny this on grumpy days a social component: Soon the Nietzsche legend would grow in spectacular fashion among popular readers.

Nietzsche Philosophy Summary

Such a faith, however, is the highest of all possible faiths: The discipline of suffering, of great suffering — do you not know that only this discipline has created all enhancements of man so far. Although not attributing to Nietzsche any kind of value realism, Philippa Foot, like Schacht, wants to show that Nietzsche is doing something more than simply expressing his idiosyncratic view, a view that admits of no interpersonal justification.

Is there really any supposed exemplar of excellence Jesus, Mozart, Socrates, Buddha, etc. We ceased to be animals when we taught ourselves to control our instincts for the sake of greater gains. Yet Nietzsche goes on to argue against these morals created by religion, as he believes that they limit humans in a nonsensical manner.

A critical requirement of this interpretive gesture becoming transparent is that the new interpretation must knowingly affirm that all principles are grounded in interpretation. More on this issue in Section 4, below.

Hobbes's Moral and Political Philosophy

The Doctrine of the Eternal Recurrence While it is hard to give a definitive account of the eternal recurrence, we can undoubtedly claim that it involves a supreme affirmation of life. It turns out, for example, that Beethoven, according to his leading biographer, had almost all these characteristics to a striking degree; for discussion, see Leiter However, his view of virtue is much more complex and he would like to think, at least rigorously empirical: A 6 But if all actions manifested this will, then this will could never be found lacking.

Feb 17,  · For Hobbes, morality does not exist in the state of nature nor is it part of human nature.

Aristotle v. Nietzsche on Human Nature (And What This Means for New Work)

The origin of government came about from the inherent desire of peace in a state of constant violence and passion for all.

Dec 01,  · Nietzsche expresses his philosophical views on the concept of morality, specifically pertaining to morality taught by religion, through his writing: Morality as Anti-Nature.

The primary critique of morality that Nietzsche had lies within its nature and ties with religion. Nietzsche on morality and human nature Nietzsche gives an account of morality in non-moral psychological terms. He interprets moral values – and the history of their development – in terms of the will to power.

So what does Nietzsche mean by ‘morality’, the morality he means to attack? There are four ways we could try categorize it. Nietzsche and hobbes on christianity human nature and Macpherson, Frank Cunningham] on Nietzsche and hobbes on christianity human nature and An Analysis of the Philosophies of Nietzsche and Hobbes on Christianity, Human Nature and.

set forth one of medieval philospophy's most careful analysis of the morality intent. Aesara of Lucania was a pythagorean philosopher from southern italy who held that, by introspecting about nature and structure of the human soul, we can indentify a standard of personal and public morality.

Because Hobbes held that “the true doctrine of the Lawes of Nature is the true Morall philosophie”, differences in interpretation of Hobbes’s moral philosophy can be traced to differing understandings of the status and operation of Hobbes’s “laws of nature”, which laws will be discussed below.

An analysis of the philosophies of nietzsche and hobbes on christianity human nature and morality
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SparkNotes: Beyond Good and Evil: Preface